Heart Valve Management
The heart's valves open and close to keep blood flowing properly, with
oxygenated blood flowing into the heart and blood needing oxygen flowing
out. Valve disease occurs when the heart's valves do not function
properly. Some disorders cause stenosis (narrowing) or obstruction of
the valves, which forces the heart to work harder to pump blood to the
body. Other valve disorders are characterized by the inability of valves
to close completely. These regurgitation or insufficiency disorders allow
blood to leak back through the valve into the heart. Mission Hospital
offers the latest therapies and treatments for valve disorders, from drug
therapies to the most advanced minimally-invasive heart surgery techniques.
Specific Cardiac Defects
Mission Hospital offers the latest therapies and treatments for valve disorders,
from drug therapies to the most advanced minimally-invasive heart surgery
techniques. Click on the following links to learn more.
After you have described your symptoms and your physician has performed
a physical examination, any one of several diagnostic tests may be used
to diagnose and determine the severity of the valve disease and your current
heart health. These diagnostic procedures may include an
echocardiogram, Doppler ultrasound,
transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) or
A number of medical treatments can be used to manage valve disorders, depending
on the severity of illness. Medications that improve the heart's ability
to pump, regulate its rhythm, or reduce its workload are often helpful
in alleviating symptoms. Antibiotics are also necessary before any procedure
that may cause bleeding in order to reduce the chance for infective endocarditis,
an infection that affects the valves. The experienced cardiologists at
Mission Hospital work with patients to identify the medications that would
be most effective in managing symptoms and protecting the heart valves
from further damage.
Other treatments include invasive procedures such as balloon valvuloplasty,
which may be used to relieve stenosis, or narrowing, of the heart valves.