Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery disease (CAD) causes a decrease in blood flow to the heart
muscle. When fatty substances called plaque are deposited in the inner
lining of an artery, the artery is narrowed, restricting or blocking blood
flow. The rupture of this plaque can cause a heart attack and subsequent
Mission Hospital offers the latest therapies and treatments for coronary
artery disease, from lifestyle management to the most advanced open-heart
CAD Diagnostic Services
After you have described your symptoms and your physician has performed
a physical examination, any one of several diagnostic tests may be used
to diagnose and determine the severity of the coronary artery disease
or heart attack and your current heart health. These diagnostic procedures
may include an
electrocardiogram, an exercise
stress test, or
The Mission Hospital Heart Center's Cardiac Catheterization Lab is
recognized as one of the best in the region, and is staffed by experienced
and highly skilled physicians. Invasive cardiac services are provided
to both pediatric and adult patients in three procedure suites.
Open-heart surgery is not the only treatment available for coronary artery
disease. In fact, it is usually the last course of action after a period
of medical treatment. We offer the latest drug regimens as well as a full
range of cardiac interventional therapies, including cardiac catheterization,
balloon angioplasty, balloon valvuloplasty, laser, cutting balloon and stents.
Coronary artery bypass, sometimes referred to as CABG, is an operation
performed to improve the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart. This
procedure creates a new path through which blood can flow freely. During
surgery, blood is rerouted around clogged arteries using blood vessels
taken from other parts of the body such as the leg and chest wall.
Mission Hospital's adult cardiac surgery programs offer a complete
range of surgical procedures, including coronary artery bypass surgery,
valve repair and replacement, pacemaker implantation, repair of aortic
and ventricular aneurysms, and more.
Are You at Risk for CAD?
The more risk factors a person has for CAD, the more likely it is that
the person will develop heart problems or have a heart attack.
Risk factors for CAD include:
- Being a man older than age 35
- Being a woman who has gone through menopause
- Being overweight
- Having high blood pressure (hypertension)
- Having diabetes
- Having high cholesterol
- Having a family history of heart disease
- Smoking tobacco products
- Being physically inactive
Risk factors for a heart attack also include the use of cocaine and amphetamines.