Specific Cardiac Defects

Mission Hospital’s highly skilled team has the proven expertise to care for patients with many types of cardiac defects:

Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary artery disease causes a decrease in blood flow to the heart muscle. When fatty substances called plaque are deposited in the inner lining of an artery, the artery is narrowed, restricting or blocking blood flow. The rupture of this plaque can cause a heart attack and subsequent chest pain. Mission Hospital offers the latest therapies and treatments for coronary artery disease, from lifestyle management to the most advanced open-heart surgery techniques.

Valvular Disease

The heart's valves open and close to keep blood flowing properly, with oxygenated blood flowing into the heart and blood needing oxygen flowing out. Valve disease occurs when the heart's valves do not function properly. Some disorders cause stenosis (narrowing) or obstruction of the valves, which forces the heart to work harder to pump blood to the body. Other valve disorders are characterized by the inability of valves to close completely. This regurgitation or insufficiency disorder allows blood to leak back through the valve into the heart.

Atrial Fibrillation

During atrial fibrillation, the heart's two small upper chambers quiver instead of beating effectively. Blood isn't pumped completely out of them, so it may pool and clot. If a piece of a blood clot in the atria leaves the heart and becomes lodged in an artery in the brain, a stroke results. About 15 percent of strokes occur in people with atrial fibrillation. The likelihood of developing atrial fibrillation increases with age. Three to five percent of people over 65 have atrial fibrillation.